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BASIC CONCEPTS OF CHEMISTRY
Leo J. Malone, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Originally posted, 9/29/00, last update, 08/30/14, last link check using W3C 01/12/15  

Supplementary online exercises and links to tutorials.
Prepared by Steve Murov
Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, Modesto Junior College 
murovs@mjc.edu
For directory of chemical education links, visit -
http://murov.info/webercises.htm 


CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 Measurements in Chemistry
CHAPTER 2 Matter, Changes and Energy
CHAPTER 3 Elements, Compounds, and Their Composition
CHAPTER 4 The Periodic Table and Chemical Nomenclature
CHAPTER 5 Modern Atomic Theory
CHAPTER 6 The Chemical Bond
CHAPTER 7 Chemical Reactions
CHAPTER 8 Quantitative Relationships in Chemistry
CHAPTER 9 The Gaseous State
CHAPTER 10 The Solid and Liquid States, Energy changes
CHAPTER 11 Aqueous Solutions
CHAPTER 12 Acids, Bases, and Salts
CHAPTER 13 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
CHAPTER 14 Reaction Rates and Equilibrium
CHAPTER 15 Nuclear Chemistry
CHAPTER 16 Organic Chemistry
APPENDIX A Names and Symbols of Common Ions Arranged by Charge
APPENDIX B Useful Sites on the Internet
APPENDIX C Properties of Elements and Compounds
APPENDIX D Additional Tutorial Sites

CHAPTER 1 - Measurements in Chemistry
    Exercise 1-1    Significant Figures and Scientific Notation -
                      
      Exercise 1-1
                
1-2    Unit Conversions -

                             
Exercise 1-2
Tutorials
     Significant Figures
           http://www.chem.sc.edu/faculty/morgan/resources/sigfigs/

           http://www.chem.tamu.edu/class/fyp/mathrev/mr-sigfg.html 
           http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch1/sigfigs.html 
           http://chemcollective.org/activities/tutorials/stoich/significant_figures 
           http://www.nauticus.org/chemistry/chemsigfig.html 
           http://www.chemprofessor.com/sigfig1.htm 
           http://www.chemteam.info/SigFigs/SigFigs.html 
           http://www.chem.uiuc.edu/CLCtutorials/102/SigFigs/SeeIt.html 
           http://www.learnchem.net/tutorials/basics.shtml#SigFigs 
           http://www.chem.illinois.edu/CLCtutorials/102/SigFigs/SeeIt.html 
          
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
     Scientific Notation
           http://www.chemtutor.com/numbr.htm#sci
          
http://www.nauticus.org/chemistry/chemscicnotat.html 
          
http://www.wtamu.edu/academic/anns/mps/math/mathlab/col_algebra/col_alg_tut3_scinot.htm 
           http://www.purplemath.com/modules/exponent3.htm 
           http://www.ausetute.com.au/notation.html  
           http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

     Metric System
         
http://www.austincc.edu/nrgtutor/Units/untut200.htm 
          http://lamar.colostate.edu/~hillger/whyteach.htm

     Unit Conversions or Dimensional analysis
           http://www.chem.tamu.edu/class/fyp/mathrev/mr-da.html 
         
http://chemistry.alanearhart.org/Old/Tutorials/DimAnal/dimanal-part2.html 
          
http://www.tutor-homework.com/Chemistry_Help/Unit_Conversion.html 
          http://www.alysion.org/dimensional/fun.htm 
          http://www.chem.uiuc.edu/CLCtutorials/102/DimensionalAnalysis/SeeIt.html 
          http://www.chemprofessor.com/dimension_text.htm 
          http://www.chem.illinois.edu/CLCtutorials/102/DimensionalAnalysis/SeeIt.html 
          https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

            For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:
           

CHAPTER 2 - Matter, Changes and Energy
    Exercise 2-1    Density -
                             
Exercise 2-1
                   2-2     Terminology -
                             
Exercise 2-2
     Tutorials
            http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/matter/index.shtml 
            http://www.gcsescience.com/e9-substance-physical-state.htm
            http://www.chemtutor.com/sta.htm 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

        Glossary
          
http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/matter/index.shtml 
        States of matter
          
http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/atoms/states.html 
           http://www.learnchem.net/tutorials/som.shtml 
   
        http://www.chemtutor.com/sta.htm 
   
        https://www.tes.co.uk/teaching-resource/States-of-Matter-solids-liquids-and-gases-6335122/
           http://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/States-of-Matter/120 
   
     Phase changes
   
        http://www.physicstutorials.org/home/heat-temperature-and-thermal-expansion/change-of-phasestate-phase-transition 
           http://www.sparknotes.com/testprep/books/sat2/chemistry/chapter5section5.rhtml 
       Density
           http://www.ausetute.com.au/density.html 

       For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 3 - Elements, Compounds, and Their Composition
    Exercise 3-1    Symbols and Properties of the Elements -
                            
Exercise 3-1
                    3-2    Protons, Neutrons, Electrons and Isotopes -
                            
Exercise 3-2
    Tutorials  
            http://www.nyu.edu/pages/mathmol/textbook/atom.html
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/atomic/atomicbody.htm
            http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/atoms/index.shtml 
            http://www.gcsescience.com/a1-atom-electron-neutron-proton.htm 

            http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch2/ 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
         
        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 4 - The Periodic Table and Chemical Nomenclature
    Exercise 4-1    Polyatomic Ions -
                             
Exercise 4-1
                    4-2    Formulas of Compounds -

                   
         Exercise 4-2
                    4-3    Nomenclature and Properties of Compounds -

                          Exercise 4-3
    Tutorials
        Nomenclature
            http://science.widener.edu/svb/pset/nomen_b.html
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/nomen/nomen.htm
            http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/compounds/index.shtml   
        Periodicity
            http://www.learner.org/interactives/periodic/ 
            http://library.thinkquest.org/3616/chem/Periodic.htm 
            http://wizznotes.com/chemistry/foundamentals-of-chemistry/the-periodic-table 
         
http://www.chemguide.co.uk/atoms/propsmenu.html#top 
         
http://www.chemtutor.com/perich.htm 
         
http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 

        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 5 - Modern Atomic Theory
    Exercise 5-1   Electronic Structure of Atoms-
                           
Exercise 5-1
                    5-2   Periodic Properties of the Elements -
                           
Exercise 5-2
   Tutorials
Electron structure
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/eleconfig/electron.htm
            http://www.chemtutor.com/struct.htm#con
            http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/electrons/index.shtml
           
http://www.chemguide.co.uk/atoms/properties/elstructs.html#top 
            http://electronconfiguration.info/ 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
        Periodicity
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/eleconfig/elecbody.htm#per
           
http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
                       
        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 6 - The Chemical Bond
    Exercise 6-1   Valence and Ion Electron Structures-
                           
Exercise 6-1
                   6-2   Lewis Structures of Molecules -

                           
Exercise 6-2
                   6-3    Bond Type and Polarity -
                           
Exercise 6-3
    Tutorials
        Bonding
           
http://www.biology.arizona.edu/biochemistry/tutorials/chemistry/page2.html
            http://www.nyu.edu/pages/mathmol/textbook/bonding.html 
           
http://www.chemguide.co.uk/atoms/bondingmenu.html 
            http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/asset/lsps07_int_chembonds/
            http://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Chemical-Bonding/55 
            http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/chembond/ 
            https://chemistry.boisestate.edu/richardbanks/inorganic/bonding%20and%20hybridization/bonding_hybridization.htm 
            http://www.chem.ucalgary.ca/courses/351/Carey5th/Ch01/ch1-3depth.html 
            http://courses.chem.psu.edu/chem110Fall/tutorials/Lewis-struct.htm 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
           
        Lewis Dot Structures
            http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c120/dotstruc.html 
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/bonding/bonding.htm
            http://misterguch.brinkster.net/lewisstructures.html 
           
http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch8/lewis.html 
            http://chem-net.blogspot.com/2011/05/lewis-structures-and-octet-rule-simple.html 
            http://www.chemteam.info/Bonding/Lewis-Structure-1MoreAns.html 
            http://www.chem.ucalgary.ca/courses/351/Carey5th/Ch01/ch1-3depth.html 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
           
        Molecular Geometry
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/geometry/geometry.htm
            http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/vsepr/ 
            http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/asset/lsps07_int_molecularshp/

            http://www.chemteam.info/VSEPR/VSEPR.html 
            http://winter.group.shef.ac.uk/vsepr/ 

           
http://www.tutor-homework.com/Chemistry_Help/Molecular_Geometry/Polar_Or_Nonpolar.html 
            http://www.chemistry-drills.com/VSEPR.php 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
                      
       
For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 7 - Chemical Reactions
    Exercise 7-1   Balancing and Classfying Chemical Reactions -
                           
Exercise 7-1
                    7-2  Net Ionic Equations and Double Replacements
                           
Exercise 7-2
    Tutorials
        Classifcation of Reactions
            http://www.chemtutor.com/react.htm
           
http://www2.ucdsb.on.ca/tiss/stretton/CHEM1/stoich2.html 
            http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c120/reactnfeature.html 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

        Balancing equations
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/balequa/balequa.htm
           
http://misterguch.brinkster.net/eqnbalance.html 
            http://www.chemtutor.com/react.htm 
           
http://www.chemteam.info/Equations/Equations.html 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
            
        Net ionic equations
           
http://pages.towson.edu/ladon/netionic.doc 
            http://www.occc.edu/kmbailey/chem1115tutorials/Net_Ionic_Eqns.htm 
           
http://faculty.ccbcmd.edu/~cyau/HowtoWriteIonicEqns.htm   
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:


CHAPTER 8 - Quantitative Relationships in Chemistry
    Exercise 8-1   Formula Mass, Moles and Molecules -
                           
Exercise 8-1
                   8-2   Percent Composition, Empirical and Molecular Formulas
                        Exercise 8-2
                   8-3   Stoichiometry
                        Exercise 8-3

    Tutorials
        mole
           
http://misterguch.brinkster.net/molecalculations.html 
            http://www.chemtutor.com/mols.htm
            http://www.gcsescience.com/m.htm 
           
http://www.learnchem.net/tutorials/stoich.shtml 
            http://molarmath.info/ 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
           
        Percent Composition, empirical and molecular formulas
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/chemcomp/compbody.htm  
           
http://www.chem.tamu.edu/class/majors/tutorialnotefiles/empirical.htm 
            http://www.nauticus.org/chemistry/chememperical.html 
            http://www.chemistry.wustl.edu/~coursedev/Online%20tutorials/chemforms.htm 
            http://www.chemteam.info/Mole/EmpiricalFormula.html 
            http://www.chem.illinois.edu/CLCtutorials/102/DeterminingMolecularFormulas/SeeIt.html 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
                       
        Stoichiometry
           
http://www.chem.memphis.edu/bridson/FundChem/T18a1100.htm 
            http://www.chemtutor.com/mols.htm#stoi 
           
http://www.chemcollective.org/activities/tutorials/stoich/reaction_stoi 
            http://www.learnchem.net/tutorials/stoich.shtml 
            http://www.chemteam.info/Stoichiometry/Stoichiometry.html 
            http://www.pathwaystochemistry.com/stoichiometry-problem-tutorial/ 
            http://www.scienceiscool.org/stoichiometry/ 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/     
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

                     
        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 9 - The Gaseous State
    Exercise 9-1   Gas Laws -
                           
Exercise 9-1
                   9-2   Gases and Gas Stoichiometry
                           Exercise 9-2

   Tutorials
           
https://legacyweb.chemistry.ohio-state.edu/betha/nealGasLaw/ 
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/gaslaws/gaslaws.htm
            http://www.chemtutor.com/gases.htm
           
http://www.chemteam.info/GasLaw/KMT-Gas-Laws.html 
            http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/gases/index.shtml  
           
http://www.learnchem.net/tutorials/gases.shtml 
            http://www.chem.illinois.edu/CLCtutorials/102/IdealGasLaw/SeeIt.html 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

          For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:
 

CHAPTER 10 - The Solid and Liquid States
    Exercise 10-1   Energy Changes -
                              
Exercise 10-1

    Tutorials
        Liquids and Solids
           
http://www.docbrown.info/page03/3_51energy.htm 
            http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/atoms/states.html 
            http://www.gcsescience.com/e9-substance-physical-state.htm 
            http://www.chemtutor.com/sta.htm 
           
http://www.chemteam.info/Thermochem/Thermochem.html 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

           
        Energy Changes
            http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/thermo/index.shtml 

        Thermodynamics
            http://www.learnthermo.com/tutorials.php 
            http://www.chemistrylecturenotes.com/html/thermodynamics.html 
      
        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 11 - Aqueous Solutions
    Exercise 11-1   Concentrations and Solution Stoichiometry -
                             
Exercise 11-1
 
    Tutorials
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/sol/sol.htm   
           
http://www.sparknotes.com/testprep/books/sat2/chemistry/chapter5section14.rhtml 
            http://www.chemistry.wustl.edu/~coursedev/Online%20tutorials/Solutions.htm 
            http://www.chemtutor.com/solution.htm 
            http://water.me.vccs.edu/courses/env211/lesson8_3.htm 
            http://www.chem.ucla.edu/~gchemlab/soln_conc_web.htm 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

       For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 12 - Acids, Bases, and Salts
    Exercise 12-1   Acids and Bases, pH -
                             
Exercise 12-1  

    Tutorials
        Acid and base concepts
           
http://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1/Acids-and-Bases/58
            http://www.gcsescience.com/aa.htm 
            http://www.chemtutor.com/acid.htm 
           
http://www.nauticus.org/chemistry/chemacidbase.html 
            http://www.sparknotes.com/chemistry/acidsbases/fundamentals/section1.html 
            http://misterguch.brinkster.net/acidtutorial.html  
   
        http://www.chemguide.co.uk/physical/acidbaseeqia/theories.html 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

        pH
            http://wwwchem.uwimona.edu.jm:1104/courses/pH/phlogs.html 
           
http://www.chemtutor.com/acid.htm 
           
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3


        Titrations
            http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c123/titratn.html 
           
http://www.wiredchemist.com/chemistry/instructional/laboratory-tutorials/volumetric-analysis 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

         For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 13 - Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
    Exercise 13-1   Oxidation and Reduction -
                           
  Exercise 13-1  

    Tutorials
        Oxidation numbers
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/redox/redox.htm
           
http://www.nauticus.org/chemistry/chemoxi.html 
            http://www.occc.edu/kmbailey/chem1115tutorials/oxidation_numbers.htm 
            http://chemwiki.ucdavis.edu/Analytical_Chemistry/Electrochemistry/Redox_Chemistry/Oxidation_State 
            http://tutorialtub.com/info/assigning-oxidation-numbers-to-chemical-formulae 
            http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch9/redox.php 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
           
        Oxidation-Reduction reactions
           
http://www.chemistry.wustl.edu/~coursedev/Online%20tutorials/Redox.htm 
           
http://chemistry.about.com/od/generalchemistry/ss/redoxbal.htm 
            http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c123/halfreac.html 
            http://www.chemguide.co.uk/inorganic/redox/equations.html 
           
http://library.thinkquest.org/C004970/redox/index.htm 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
           
        Electrochemistry
           
http://pages.towson.edu/ladon/electrochemistry.htm 
            http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/elchem/ 

           
        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 14 - Reaction Rates and Equilibrium
    Exercise 14-1   Equilibrium Expressions, Le Chatelier's Principle -
                              
Exercise 14-1
   
    Tutorials
        Equilibrium
           
http://pages.towson.edu/ladon/chemeq.html
            http://www.chemguide.co.uk/physical/equilibmenu.html 
            http://www.chm.davidson.edu/vce/equilibria/BasicConcepts.html 
            http://www.chm.davidson.edu/vce/equilibria/BasicConcepts.html 
            http://www.chem.illinois.edu/CLCTutorials/102/ICETables/SeeIt.html 
           
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
           
        Kinetics
           
http://www.chm.davidson.edu/vce/kinetics/ReactionRates.html 
            http://www.gcsescience.com/rc-reaction-rates-links.htm 
            http://www.learnchem.net/tutorials/kinetics.shtml 
           
http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c123/chmkntcs.html 
            http://medsocnet.ncsa.illinois.edu/MSSW/tutinf/Kinetic/introduction/intro.html 
            http://www.chem.uiuc.edu/CLCtutorials/104/Kinetics/SeeIt.html 
            http://www.chemistrylecturenotes.com/html/reaction_kinetics.html 
            http://www.chem.illinois.edu/CLCtutorials/104/Kinetics/SeeIt.html 
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/  
           https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3 

        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 15 - Nuclear Chemistry
    Exercise 15-1   Nuclear Chemistry -
                           
  Exercise 15-1
   
    Tutorials
            http://library.thinkquest.org/10429/high/nuclear/nuclear.htm
            http://www2.lbl.gov/abc/
           
http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3

               
       
For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

CHAPTER 16 - Organic Chemistry
    Exercise 16-1   Organic Chemistry -
                              
Exercise 16-1
   
    Tutorials
           
http://www.colby.edu/chemistry/OChem/OChemHome241.HTML 
           
http://www.organic-chemistry-tutor.com/ 
            http://www.chemguide.co.uk/orgmenu.html#top 

            http://www.chem.uiuc.edu/weborganic/organictutorials.htm 

           
http://www.chem.ucla.edu/harding/tutorials/tutorials.html 
            https://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/virttxtjml/intro1.htm 
            http://www.chemguide.co.uk/orgmenu.html  
            http://www.chem.illinois.edu/clcwebsite/clctutorials.html 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
           
           
        For additional tutorials, see Appendix D:

APPENDIX A - Names and Symbols of Common Ions Arranged by Charge
                            http://murov.info/ions.htm 

APPENDIX B - Useful Sites on the Internet

     Chemistry Directory - http://murov.info/webercises.htm 
         

    General Chemistry Concepts and Nomenclature  

        http://cnx.org/content/col10264/latest/
        http://cnx.org/content/m12616/latest/
        http://cnx.org/content/expanded_browse_authors?letter=H&author=jshutc
        http://www.chem.ox.ac.uk/vrchemistry/foundation.html 
        http://ibchem.com/
        http://www.avogadro.co.uk/chemist.htm
    Chemistry Dictionary (downloadable) - http://www.chemistry-blog.com/dictionary/
    Chemical Encyclopedia -
            http://chemistry.about.com/od/chemistryatoz/a/chemistryindex.htm
    Chemistry Topics -
       
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_chemistry_topics
         http://chemistry.wikia.com/wiki/Chemistry_Wiki
    IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology - 
        http://goldbook.iupac.org/
    Glossaries:  http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/glossary.shtml 
                        http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/chemistry/letters/  
                        http://www.infoplease.com/ 
                        http://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/chemistry/dictionary/ 
                        http://goldbook.iupac.org/
                        http://www.avogadro.co.uk/chemist.htm
                        http://www.babylon.com/define/24/Chemistry-Dictionary.html
                        http://misterguch.brinkster.net/vocabulary.html
    Glossaries and Nomenclature:
       
http://www.chem.qmw.ac.uk/iupac/
        http://php.indiana.edu/~davisc/Abstract.htm

 APPENDIX C - Properties of Elements and Compounds

      A. Elements - Periodic Tables - WebElements - http://www.webelements.com/  
            also see:   http://murov.info/periodictables.htm  
                http://murov.info/webercises.htm#A. Elements - Periodic Tables  

      B. Compounds - Properties (including MSDS)  

        1. Tabulation + MSDS
            Acros - http://www.acros.com/portal/alias__Rainbow/lang__en/tabID__21/DesktopDefault.aspx
            Alpha Chemical  - http://www.alfa.com/en/go160w.pgm?srchtyp=product 
            ChemExper Chem. Directory -  http://www.chemexper.com/ 
            Chemidplus -  http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/
                        or  http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
            Chemindex - http://ccinfoweb.ccohs.ca/chemindex/search.html
            Chemspider - http://www.chemspider.com/
                                http://www.chemspider.com/SimpleSearch.aspx
            EMD Chemicals - http://www.emdmillipore.com/chemicals/ 
            Fisher -
http://new.fishersci.com/categories#chemicals
            TCI America - http://www.tcichemicals.com/en/us/support-download/brochure/catalog.html  
            Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_organic_compounds
                            
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_inorganic_compounds
            Chemical Book -
http://www.chemicalbook.com/  

       2. MSDS
            Aldrich, Sigma - http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/chemistry.html 
            MSDS Solutions - http://www.msds.com/ 
            Vermont Safety Information Resources, Inc. - http://hazard.com/msds/ 
            MSDSprovider - http://www.msdsprovider.com/  
            Siri MSDS (and toxicology) http://siri.org/msds/ 

        3. Tabulation
            Knovel Critical Tables - Free registration required (on registration form,
                    http://www.knovel.com/web/portal/free_titles , or after clicking on
                http://www.knovel.com/web/portal/browse/display?_EXT_KNOVEL_DISPLAY_bookid=761
                 select the Table for Basic Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds and register.
            Chemfate - http://srcinc.com/what-we-do/databaseforms.aspx?id=381
            Datalog - http://srcinc.com/what-we-do/databaseforms.aspx?id=379
            National Physical Laboratory - http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/chemistry/3_3/3_3.html
            fee based -  http://www.elsevier.com/online-tools/knovel      http://www.hbcpnetbase.com/ 
            Chemland 21 - http://www.chemicalland21.com/listaz01.htm
            Chemblink http://www.chemblink.com/
            WolframAlpha - http://www.wolframalpha.com/
            LookChem - http://www.lookchem.com/
            Human Metabolome Database - http://www.hmdb.ca/  
            Madison Metabolomics - http://mmcd.nmrfam.wisc.edu/ 
            UAkron - http://ull.chemistry.uakron.edu/erd/
            PPSI - http://www.eqi.ethz.ch/en/ 
            EPA - http://www.epa.gov/chemview/      http://java.epa.gov/chemview 
                     http://www.epa.gov/dfe/saferingredients.htm 
            Toxnet - HSDB - http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?HSDB
                all Toxnet databases - http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/ 
            PubChem - https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

            Osha - https://www.osha.gov/chemicaldata/
            Zinc-
http://zinc.docking.org/


APPENDIX D - Additional tutorial sites

            1. General Chemistry

      a. Concepts, Tutorials and Exercises -
            http://proton.csudh.edu/lecture_help/lechelp.html 
                               
      b. Concepts, Tutorials -
            http://www.chemtopics.com/lectures.htm 
            http://www.gcsescience.com/gcse-chemistry-revision.htm  
            http://www.chemguide.co.uk/ 
            http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/ 
            http://www.physics-chemistry-class.com/chemistry.html 
            http://www.chemistrylecturenotes.com/ 
            http://www.nauticus.org/education/students-resources 
            http://chemcollective.org/ 
            http://www.chem.illinois.edu/clcwebsite/clctutorials.html 
            http://www.chemteam.info/ChemTeamIndex.html 
            http://www.chemprofessor.com/photo.htm 
            http://www.occc.edu/kmbailey/chem1115tutorials/Tutorial_Links.htm 
            http://misterguch.brinkster.net/explains2.html 
            http://www.chemistry.wustl.edu/~coursedev/Online%20tutorials/Atom.htm 
            http://www.learnchem.net/tutorials/ 
            http://www.chem.uiuc.edu/webfunchem/genchemtutorials.htm 

            http://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Chemistry/1  
            http://www.chemistrylecturenotes.com/ 
            VSEPR - http://winter.group.shef.ac.uk/vsepr/ 
                           http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/vsepr/ 
            coordination compounds - http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/cchem/ 
            organometallics  - http://www.ilpi.com/organomet/ 
            
      c.  Video and YouTube Tutorials
            http://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/ 
            https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLC9832A956597F2C3
            Directory - http://www.chem1.com/chemed/YouTubeseries.shtml 
           
      d. Exercises -
            http://jws-edcv.wiley.com/college/bcs/redesign/student/0,,_0471215228_BKS_1388____,00.html 
            http://www.chempractice.com 
            Conceptual chemistry and questions - 
              
http://www.jce.divched.org/JCEDLib/QBank/collection/ConcepTests/index.html 
                  
http://www.jce.divched.org/jcedlib/qbank/collection/CQandChP/  
               http://regentsprep.org/Regents/chem/chem.cfm        
               http://cnx.org/content/m12616/latest/    
               http://cnx.org/content/col10264/latest/ 
               http://cnx.org/content/expanded_browse_authors?letter=H&author=jshutch 
               http://conceptualchemistry.com/ 
               http://people.brandeis.edu/~herzfeld/conceptests.html 

               e.  Virtual textbook -
                  http://chem1.com/acad/webtext/virtualtextbook.html
                  http://cnx.org/content/col10264/latest 
                  http://mypchem.com  
                  https://www.boundless.com/chemistry/

          2. Organic Chemistry Concepts, Tutorials and Exercises -

http://www.colby.edu/chemistry/OChem/OChemHome241.HTML 
http://www.jce.divched.org/JCEDLib/QBank/collection/ConcepTests/ 
http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/chemistry/courses/chem211/  
http://www.chemguide.co.uk/index.html#top 
nomenclature - http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/

ACKNOWLEDGMENT - All of the exercises linked above were developed using the software called Hot Potatoeshttp://web.uvic.ca/hrd/halfbaked/ 

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